Remember Queen's hit song Another one bites to dust? You should never do that literally as inhaling to dust would have adverse health effects. Expose to small concentration of dust would cause irritation like red eyes, cough, hay fever and sinus. In the long run, it could reduce our lung capacity to respiratory diseases like chronic bronchitis. People with heart disorder, COAD, emphysema or asthma would also be at a higher risk. While it’s impossible to stay in a dust-free environment, vacuuming is a simple yet most essential step to start with. By routinely vacuuming, you can prevent settled dust from being disturbed the shoot right back in the air. Also, ensure filters in HVAC, air conditioner, air purifier is clean or being replaced in time to prevent dust congestion.
What is Dust Made of?
Dust is a composition of microscopic particles from multiple sources. The hodgepodge comprises of many unexpected elements that vary in every household. A house with pets would have dust comprised of pet dander and fur that would not be found in a non-pet home. Other factors such as location, the numbers of people or even food we consumed help shape the types of dust.
Also, dust and dust mites are not the same thing even though they are often group together. Dust mites are tiny bugs that eat organic debris like flecks of skin from dust particles. Most Allergic reaction are trigger when you inhaled to the dust mites dropping together with other dust particles.
To recap, dust is not just made of dirt and dead skin cell. It is composed of inorganic or organic compound as below.
- Soil/ debris
- Outdoor particulate matter (CO, CO2, lead, arsenic)
- Allergens (mold, mildew, pollen, spore)
- Cigarette smoke remains
- Skin flakes
- Hair/ fur/ fibers
- Dust mites
- Pet dander
- Food debris
- Insects/ feces
Do Air Purifiers Get Rid Of Dust?
Any air purifier will be able to remove dust that is airborne. An air purifier that uses a mechanical filter to trap particles is the most effective of them all. Dust particles generally range between 2.5 to 10 micrometers in size. For comparison, a human hair is between 60 to 100 micrometers, a whopping 24 times larger than dust. As dust is not a fine particle that requires the best HEPA filter, a low-grade 1-8 MERV filter would be able to do the job. Most dust will be captured by the first-stage pre-filter before it can reach the inner filtration like HEPA. Will the HEPA filter protected from large particles like hair or debris, it can focus on microbes and allergens.
What you do need from an air purifier is a wide coverage that is enough to cover an entire room. This means the airflow or CADR must be at higher ratings preferably above 200 cfm. The faster the airflow, the swifter and more dust particles an air purifier can capture. This means less dust will settle on household objects like sofa, carpet, shelf, cabinet or drape. With less harmful contaminants in the air, it is less likely you will breathe into any of it and your dust allergies would not have happened.
What Is The Best Air Purifier For Dust Removal?
Plenty of air cleaners would be able to do the job but we only want the absolute best. The filtration must come with a Pre-filter and HEPA filter as it is our minimum requirement. Electrostatic, ionizer or god forbid Ozonator should never be in your consideration list. The air purifier must also have the capacity and airflow to take in a large amount of dust and debris without fail. So without further ado, below models are curated to protect you from any dust allergies.
- Blueair Pro
- Coway Mighty
- Airmega 300
- Winix 5500-2
- Honeywell HPA300
In short, an air purifier can reduce dust, debris and all the tiny particles attached to it. To see the complete list, specification and our full review, head over to our best air purifier for dust page.