There are many things that could cause poor indoor air quality. From Asbestos, Biological Pollutants, Carbon Monoxide, Formaldehyde, Nitrogen Dioxide, Pesticides Radon, Indoor Particulate Matter, Secondhand Smoke, Stoves, and Volatile Organic Compounds. A person that is constantly exposed to bad indoor air quality might experience excessive sneezing, coughing, and red eyes. Breathing difficulty and sore throat will usually follow suit. On a bad day, the person might experience fatigue, shortness of breath, headache and even migraines.
Yup it’s that simple. Keep the indoor air flowing by opening windows even just for a short period of time. The temperature differences between indoor and outdoor will circulate fresh air into the room and push air irritants out. The only downside is if you stay in urban near highway, factories, or power plant, this will not work. This is also not workable during the winter season because there is no flow of fresh air outside and the cool breeze air will freeze you to death.
Use HEPA air purifier
An air purifier with a True HEPA filter is the most effective way of cleaning the air. It has an efficiency of 99.97% of capturing rate on particles as small as 0.3 microns. Contaminants such as dust mites, mold, pollen, pet dander, bacteria, and viruses are all included in the list. If the air purifier comes equipped with a carbon filter, it can even remove smoke and odors coming from cooking, tobacco smoke, or chemicals. Other filtration such as UV-light, ionizer, or pre-filter may also come in handy in cleaning the air. The only thing you need to make sure is the air purifier has enough purifying capacity to cover the entire room.
Get Air-filtering Indoor Plants
Not just any houseplants, only a few selected air-filtering plants would do the trick. Houseplants like a spider plant, snake plant, moth orchid, or english ivy are all nature oxygen supplier. Having indoor houseplants can help purify your indoor air quality 24×7. They are effective at reducing benzene, formaldehyde, carbon monoxide (CO), and xylene.
While it is always good to have a greener option, indoor plants can actually contribute to dust, insects and the growth of mold. You will need proper care and trimming to ensure no allergens will foster on the plants. A few like snake plant are actually dangerous with pets or children around as it is toxic when digested.
Take Your Shoes Off
I know, most of us would not wear shoes at home because your floor will be dirty from outside dust and dirt. The real reason we want to keep shoes outside is to prevent the germs, feces, pesticides, pet dander from traveling in. These allergens will emit gases or can easily be airborne when you walk past it. You have no idea what you have stepped on with your shoes, so why would you want to step on it again with your barefoot?
No Pets Allowed
Dog and cat is also a big contributor to indoor air pollution with the released of pet dander and saliva germ. So, the smartest way to curb the pet allergies woe is to keep your pets outside. That way you will have less indoor airborne allergens and pet hair to deal with. If you insist on letting your furry friend stay, at least set a boundary to places they can go. No hopping on bed or sofa where it is a magnet for pet hair. Also, groom your dog or cat every day and bathe them every month or so. Doing so will keep all the shed hair at bay.
Clean And Change Your Filter
No matter what kind of ventilation, forced-air heating system or air conditioner you have, there is always an internal filter. You will need to regularly keep the filter clean to prevent dust and airborne particles from clogging the ventilation. That way, new contaminants can still be trapped by the filter and clean air will still be able to get through.
Keep Your Home Clean
Less dust = cleaner air. Settled dust, mold, hair, pet dander or germs can become airborne when disturbed. To prevent the contaminants from stirring back in the air, vacuum at least once a week. Focus on corners, carpets, rugs that are filled with harmful germ and contaminants. For upholstery, drape, and curtain, you can use a nozzle brush with extension to clean the hard to reach places. Lookup for top shelf, drawer or wardrobe that is stacked with dust. Lastly, only use a vacuum cleaner with a HEPA filter to trap microscopic particles as small as 0.3 microns.
Use Essential Oil Diffusers, Salt lamp, and Beeswax Candles
Yes, these natural products can purify your air while releasing calming, and relaxing fragrance smell. For example, essential oil has an antibacterial agent in it that will help reduce airborne bacteria. Some essential oils like eucalyptus, clove, and rosemary are effective in eliminating dust mites. As for beeswax candles, it is the natural ionizer that will release negative ions on burn. The negative ions will then merge with positive ions particles and bringing it down due to the increased weight. With all the particulate matters falls to the ground, there is zero chance of you from inhaling into it.