What is CADR? Actually About?
Clean Air Delivery Rate (CADR) is a metric used to measure the numbers of clean air output from an air purifier. CADR ratings are calculated in cubic feet per minute (CFM) on the volume of air that is cleaned. The higher the numbers, the faster and more clean air the air purifier can produce.
CADR is developed by The Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM). It is also recognized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), U.S. Department of Energy, and American Lung Association. The purpose of CADR is to provide a uniform measurement for all manufacturers. Consumers can based on the numbers to evaluate and compare the air purifier’s performance. The ratings will be available on AHAM official website that is open to the public.
AHAM official seal
How is CADR Measured?
CADR test will be conducted independently and periodically in 3 different categories: Dust, Pollen, and Smoke. The test will assess the air filter’s capacity to remove dust, pollen, smoke, and pollen particles between the range of 0.10 to 11 micron. To began, an air purifier will be placed in a testing chamber of 1008 cubic feet. Inside the chamber, the number of airborne contaminants will be measured. Next, the air purifier will run at max speed for 20 minutes straight while the number of contaminants is repeatedly re-evaluated. The leftover contaminants will then deduct the earlier recorded numbers and compared to the natural rate of decay. Finally, the tester will give the air purifier its official CADR rating.
Is CADR Test Accurate?
CADR ratings are an accurate measurement but not without its controversy. It ignores many key factors that make an air purifier great, which defeats the purpose of its existence. Many consumers are misled by the numbers looking at the overall package and value. Below are some of the limitation in CADR:
- CADR is a voluntary program where not all brands are willing to participate. As a result, there are air cleaners that do not have an official rating.
- It will only factor in the volume of filtered air. There are air purifiers that do not rely on airflow like Airfree’s Thermodynamic TSS Technology.
- CADR program is only applicable to a portable air purifier. Whole-house/ central air purifier is out of the equitation.
- It is conducted in an empty chamber with a controlled environment. The output does not truly reflect in a real-life scenario where there are many household items obstruction.
- CADR test is will be running on the highest fan speed and 1 air changes per hour. The numbers will significantly drop with a lower speed and higher air changes per hour.
- Only brand-new filter will be used during the test. In real-life, the numbers will be much lower on a used filter filled with trapped particles.
- The test is conducted specifically on dust, pollen, and smoke contaminants. Bacteria and viruses are off the table.
- CADR does not account for the size and quality of the filter. A large HEPA filter with a high density is excellent at capturing fine particles even at long-run. However, it may not hold any advantages on the CADR ratings with a smaller, inferior HEPA filter.
- CADR rating does not factor in noise level, ionizer, UV-light, antimicrobial, and ozone. It also does not evaluate the reliability, durability, and features of the air purifier.
Here's some fun history lesson. AHAM exist since 1915 when 60 clothes washer companies formed the American Washing Machine Association. That's more than a century being a representative for different types of home appliances. In 1967, AHAM reached a breakthrough by being a single body to represent the interest of the home appliances industry in the United States and the world. Since then, the group has made innovation and efficiency its focus through public policy, regulation, and research. In the 1980, AHAM saw the need for a uniform measurement on air purifier performance regardless of the technology. Following that, ANSI/AHAM AC-1-2006 was created to evaluate the volume of clean air from a portable air cleaner. An official CADR will be given to the air cleaner after completing the evaluation.
Frequently Asked Questions FAQ
What Is The Highest Possible CADR Ratings
The highest possible ratings are 450 cfm as all test is performed in the same chamber with the same room size. For your reference, the CADR scale for dust is from 10 to 400 cfm, pollen 25 to 450 cfm, and smoke 10 to 450 cfm.
How To Calculate Air Purifier Room Size with CADR?
Take the lowest CADR numbers, multiply by 1.55 and voila, you have the recommended room size in square feet. For example, a smoke CADR 100 cfm x 1.55 would cover 155 sq. ft. of room. Refer to the below CADR rating chart for more info.
|Air Changes Per Hour|
What is a good CADR rating?
Anything from 200 cfm and above would be a good CADR rating for air purifier. 200 cfm would cover 310 sq. ft. of room size and mid-range model would be able to achieve that.
Is higher CADR better?
In short, YES, the higher the CADR, the better an air cleaner performance.